A DEADLY STONE IN YOUR BODY

A DEADLY STONE IN YOUR BODY Feel sore during urination? Bloody urine and even fester? that's really serious, it could be suffered fr...

A DEADLY STONE IN YOUR BODY


Feel sore during urination? Bloody urine and even fester? that's really serious, it could be suffered from kidney stones. Here is a review of kidney stones that you need to know to keep your health always good.
Kidney stones: Symptoms and treatments



Definitions


Kidney stone disease or nephrolithiasis is a condition when a hard material that resembles a stone formed in the kidney. The material comes from residual waste substances in the blood that is filtered by the kidneys which are then deposited and crystallize over time. In most cases, kidney stone disease suffered by people aged 30-60 years.being estimated that 10 percent of women and 15 percent of men have experienced this condition during their lifetime. Most often, kidney stones are formed by excessive calcium in the body. The presence of stones in the kidneys causing tremendous pain severe, bleeding in the urine because of the infection and can occur even blockage of urine flow.
The cause of kidney stones


Naturally, the kidneys clean the blood every day by filtering waste substances contained in it for the next disposed in the form of urine. Sometimes these substances levels are too many compared to the liquid that functions as a solvent so that can not be completely wasted by the body and settles in the kidneys. Sedimentary rocks in the kidneys can be caused by food or other underlying health problems. Based on its constituent materials, kidney stones can be divided into four main types, namely calcium stones, uric acid stones, stone ammonia (struvite), and cystine stones.


Calcium stones caused by high calcium levels in the urine. This type of kidney stones is the most common. This condition causes the sufferer to release a lot of calcium in the urine. High levels of calcium can also be caused by an overactive parathyroid gland. Hormones produced by these glands function to regulate the amount of calcium in the blood.
The second is uric acid stones. These stones are formed due to high levels of uric acid in the urine caused by high purine foods. Examples of foods that trigger high uric acid are shellfish, meat and fish.
The third is struvite stones. This is a type of kidney stones that can be formed and swelled rapidly. The main cause of struvite stone formation is an urinary tract infection that has lasted for a long time. This type is more common in female patients than male.


The last type is a cystine stones. this kidney stones are formed due to the excessive number of amino acid cystine that is removed by the kidneys. Cystine stones is a type of kidney stone that is extremely rare. This condition is caused by a disease known as cystinuria. This disease affects the amount of the amino acid cystine produced in the urine.
In addition to dietary factors and underlying health conditions, there are several other factors that can lead to kidney stones, among them:

-        Lack of drinking water
-        Family health history
-        Experience obesity
-        Taking medicines, such as diuretics, aspirin, antibiotics, antacids, and some antiepileptic drugs and antiretroviral
-        Side effects of surgery on the digestive organs


If you've ever suffered from kidney stones, then you have the opportunity to re-exposed to the same conditions. Here are the factors triggering the recurrence of kidney stones.

-        Too many foods that contain too little protein and fibrous foods.
-        It only has one kidney was still functioning.
-        have experienced multiple infections associated with kidney or urinary system.
Treatments


Treatment of kidney stones depends on the size of the stone. If still relatively small, kidney stones can still go out through the urinary tract without surgery. Your doctor will usually advise patients to do the proper treatment of preventive measures, ie by drinking enough water every day. With the liquid flow continuously, it is expected that a small kidney stones can be pushed out by itself.


If the water is considered not enough, your doctor may prescribe medication to help smooth expenditure kidney stones, for example alpha inhibitors.This drug helps making the ureter muscles relax so that kidney stones can come out without causing pain and in a relatively fast tempo. Your doctor will usually refer the patient to the hospital when the kidney stone disease is already causing severe pain. In addition, the doctor will usually refer the patient to the hospital if the pain symptoms worsen despite being given pain medication.
Treatment of kidney stones with new operation will be done if the stone is getting larger (approximately 0.6 centimeters or more in diameter) thus blocking the urinary tract of patients. Type of treatment will depend on the location and size of the stone.

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), is the procedure for destruction of kidney stones by using high frequency sound waves (ultrasound).
Ureteroskopiis, is the removal procedure of kidney stones by using a tool called ureteroskop inserted into the ureter through the urethra and bladder. Once the location is known, the stone will be destroyed by using other instruments or laser.
Open surgery, as the name implies, open surgery is done by making an incision on the surface of the skin on the back that serves as an access for the surgeon to lift the kidney stones.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy atau disingkat PCNL, is the procedure for destructing kidney stones. A small incision is made on the surface of the skin near the kidney, so a tool called nephroscope can go to break and lift the kidney stone chips. This procedure is usually done if action ESWL is not allowed to be done, for example for obese people.


Prevention

How to prevent kidney stones is actually quite simple. The first is to drink enough water every day. Besides being able to prevent dehydration, drink enough water can dilute your urine so the waste substances are filtered from the blood by kidney is not easy to settle and always wasted smoothly. The second preventive measure is to limit the consumption of food, drinks, or supplements that contain substances that could potentially cause the formation of kidney stones.For example as oxalate, animal protein, and calcium supplements. In addition, choose foods with a low salt content.


remained consumption of foods containing calcium, because the body needs calcium to maintain bones and teeth. Consult to your doctor or dietitian about nutrition that should be met by the patient. Also discuss with your doctor first, if you want to consume additional calcium supplements.

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