Causes and Symptoms of The Deadly Ebola Virus My Blog Health, - Ebola becomes the center of attention of the world due to the epidemic ...
My Blog Health-Ebola
The disease is caused by a virus and can be fatal if not treated immediately. Ebola was discovered in 1976 in Sudan and Congo. Experts suspect that the Ebola virus had lived in the body or fruit-eaters bat cynopterus. The virus then spread to other animals and possibly infect humans through blood as they clean the blood of hunted animals that are already contaminated.
The Spread Of The Ebola Virus
Ebola is a deadly disease caused by a virus and spread through direct contact with blood or body fluids such as urine, faeces sufferers, saliva, as well as semen. In this case, ' direct contact ' means the blood or other body fluids (such as saliva or nasal secretions) sufferers who directly touch your nose, eyes, mouth, or open cuts.
A group of people who are at high risk of contracting this virus is generally families living the same House with the sufferers and those who care for sufferers such as medical officer. If there are any members of your family who allegedly suffering from Ebola, you should not take care of her own at home and immediately took him to the hospital.
During the treatment, the conditions of Ebola sufferers will be monitored carefully. A medical examination will also be held on a regular basis because they remain potentially transmit the disease during blood and liquid body still contain viruses.
The environment around the Ebola virus contaminated also are at risk of transmitting the disease. For example, clothing, sheets, and a used syringe sufferers. Therefore, families as well as the medical officer who treated Ebola sufferers need to increase vigilance and memaksimalisasi protection is used.
Ebola virus can survive outside the body for several days, including on the skin of sufferers. Thus, the tradition of burial which requires family or close friends to bathe the corpses of Ebola virus infecting potentially also. Family and medical officers are advised to handle the corpses of Ebola sufferers with maximum protection. The process of burial should preferably be submitted to the parties who are trained and experienced in dealing with similar cases.
In contrast to the case of the flu or chicken pox are transmitted through saliva in the air, Ebola sufferers body fluids require direct contacts to infectious. Droplets of saliva or nasal secretions Ebola sufferers who accidentally sneezing or coughing can only transmit the virus if exposed to the nose, eyes, mouth, and open wounds. Therefore, transmission of Ebola through coughing or sneezing include rare.
The symptoms of Ebola
Incubation period (the time between the entry of the virus into the body until the first symptoms appear) of Ebola disease is about 2 to 21 days. Please keep in mind that the Ebola virus only began to occur when the symptoms have already emerged.
A number of early symptoms which indicate the disease will strike unexpectedly. Indications the indications include:
- Feeling very lethargic.
- Pain in muscles and joints.
- A sore throat.
After the above symptoms, symptoms will appear further in the form of:
- Abdominal pain.
- The rash.
- Disorders of the liver and kidney function.
- Bleeding in the body that sometimes comes out through the mouth, nose, eyes, or ears.
Ebola virus can spread quickly and very deadly, so avoid contact direct contact with sufferers. If you suspect you or any members of your family are infected with Ebola virus, immediately encountered a doctor to undergo examination.
Ebola Diagnosis Process
The difficult diseases including Ebola is detected because the symptoms initially are similar to other diseases, such as malaria and cholera. Diagnosis of viral infections due to this can only be ascertained through examination by the laboratory.
To ensure the diagnosis, the doctor will recommend a special examination of the Ebola virus through the blood and fluid from the patient's body. In addition, the results of virus tests blood tests also usually indicates the number of white blood cells and platelets are low, as well as increased levels of liver enzymes.
Ebola Treatment Methods
After Ebola was diagnosed with positive, patients will undergo intensive treatment in hospital. Handling is quick and precise medical is a major key in increasing the chances of salvation.
Haven't found a cure for the Ebola virus is eradicated. But research continued to find a vaccine and effective medicine to treat this disease.
Treatments are performed only aims to support the patient's immune system against the virus. Patients will generally receive fluids through an IV drip to prevent dehydration. During the body combat the Ebola disease, blood pressure, oxygen levels in the blood, as well as the functions of the organs of the patient's body should be preserved to the maximum possible.
Spread Of Ebola Virus Precautions
Early Ebola virus transmission is through contact with an infected animal species occurs directly on the sufferer. Here are a number of steps that we can do to prevent and limit the spread of the virus:
Find out information about the Ebola virus as many.
If any member of your family or those around you who may be infected with Ebola, immediately bring them to undergo examinations and treatment in hospital.
Avoid sexual intercourse with ebola sufferers without the use of safety devices (condoms). A number of studies show that ebola virus was still detected in liquid cement man, even until many months after the men were declared recovered from ebola.
Always wash your hands with SOAP and water. The liquid is alcohol-based hand cleaners are also helpful.
Avoid direct contact with the skin, blood, and body fluids of the patient.
Do not hold the objects around the patient, for example, clothing, or bedding.
The corpses of Ebola sufferers should be handled with maximum protection and by trained and experienced in handling similar cases.
Avoid travel to areas with high cases of Ebola.
If you are in areas that are at risk of transmitting Ebola, avoid contact with animals that could potentially pass it on, including meat or blood. For example, the fruit-eaters bat or greater and a monkey.
Washing and peeling fruits and vegetables before consumption.
Cooking meat animals and vegetables until completely cooked before consumption.
Specific to the medical officer, there are some preventive measures that should be taken to minimize the risk of contracting Ebola. Among other things:
Be careful when handling blood, body fluids, catheters, as well as when installing an infusion patient.
Please use maximum protection, for example, by wearing a mask, gloves, and protective glasses and clothes.
Always wash your hands, especially after direct contact with the skin of the patient. Include blood, body fluids, and the objects around the patient.
Avoid the ritual cleansing of the dead body without wearing the proper protective tools.
Dispose of disposable medical equipment, such as syringes, carefully.
Isolate the Ebola patients or suspected of suffering from Ebola in a special room and limit the number of visitors is minimal as possible.
Until now, experts are still examining about ebola vaccine effectiveness (VSV-EBOV). Current research has already entered the final stage and will be recorded and assessed to determine whether the vaccine is effective in humans to prevent ebola.