How to avoid flu and its treatment, Stop Ignoring Flu..!! - Flu sometimes spoil our days. With flu, we can’t speak clearly and feel hard to breath. Moreover, when it is accompanied by snot, it’s really annoying. Many people underestimate flu, whereas its effect can be very dangerous. The following will be discussed about flu and how to avoid flu in our life
How to avoid flu and its treatment
Some symptoms of flu which are typically experienced by patients are: Fever, aches, dry cough, headache, fatigue, chills, sore throat, sneezing, nasal congestion or a runny nose, and loss of appetite. The flu symptoms will be worse for about 2-4 days before starting to get better. Even so, a dry cough accompanied by fatigue usually remains so that flu people takes about 14-20 days to fully recover. You should be aware and see a doctor if You belong to the category of people who are susceptible to flu complications, such as pregnant women, the elderly, people with chronic diseases (lung disease or heart disease), as well as people with low immune systems. You still do not recovere yet from the flu, worse, or just does not recover after seven days.
Overcoming the flu usually does not require special handling. You can treat yourself at home.
Simple treatment steps that you can take, such as having enough rest, drinking regularly, eating fruits and vegetables, and maintain the body temperature remains normal. Adding fluid consumption is an important step in order to avoid a complication of flu, namely dehydration. When you are cold and dehydrated, your body will lose sugar, salt, and fluids. You can try drinking liquids that contain sugar and electrolyte / ion to restore your fluid balance in the body. Drugs that you can drink if needed is paracetamol or ibuprofen. Both serve to lower fever and reduce aches. You should not take antibiotics because these drugs only serve to kill bacteria and not viruses that cause the flu.
There are several groups of people who are prone to have complications from the flu, such as pregnant women, the elderly, people with low immune systems, and people with serious illnesses such as heart failure. Therefore, doctors will usually give antivirus drugs. There are two types of antivirus which are generally provided by doctors, oseltamivir and zanamivir. The purpose of giving these drugs is to minimize symptoms, reduce the risk of serious complications, and reduce the duration of flu.
However, still better for us to keep our body stay away from flu. You can do many things such as Maintain cleanliness, always wash your hands, such as before eating or after traveling, cover mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing, wearing a mask when traveling (especially for public transport users) or when around people with flu, ensuring vitamin intake and the body receives adequate nutrition and balanced, enough rest, exercise regularly and keeping your fluid intake. Flu can be prevented through vaccination, but this is only recommended for people who are susceptible to the flu, such as children, pregnant women, the elderly, people with chronic diseases (lung disease, liver failure, or diabetes), cancer patients, and HIV sufferers.